Aug 31, 2015
Powdery mildew on blueberries – not symptoms you’d expect

Powdery mildew, a warm-weather high-humidity disease, is present in some blueberry plantings. Lowbush, highbush, and rabbiteye blueberries are all affected.

Symptoms on blueberries are different from those on most other plants, and could be mistaken for a virus or bacterial disease. The powdery mildew organism, Microsphaera vacinii, at first causes a yellow mottling on the upper leaf surfaces (Photo 1), but eventually the mottled areas develop into red spots with a lighter margin; both of these symptoms could be mistaken for a virus. Symptoms on the lower leaf surfaces consist of water-soaked areas (Photo 2) that turn reddish; these symptoms might make one think that the plants have a bacterial disease. The typical “powdery” patches as seen on other crops may be present, but often are not.

Since disease development is favored by warm, dry weather, symptoms start to appear in mid-summer. The fungus overwinters in dormant buds, so inoculum can build up over time if not managed. In most cases, this disease has minor impacts on growth and fruit production, primarily causing infected leaves fall off prematurely. In rare cases impacts on growth can be severe.

Screen_Shot_2015-08-31_at_8.57.10_AM
Generally powdery mildew incidence on blueberries is not sufficiently severe to warrant a fungicide spray. However, if leaves are severely affected, fungicides such as Orbit, Tilt or Quash (all in activity group 3), or Pristine (activity groups 7 and 11) may be used.  Be sure to follow label directions to avoid development of resistant fungal strains. Cultivars vary in resistance, but information on this subject is limited.

Thanks to Tracey Olson at the PA Dept. of Agriculture for bringing the presence of this disease to our attention and for providing photos for this article.

— Penn State University




Current Issue

Cover image of Fruit Growers News (FGN) July 2024 issue.

Talking tech: New app innovations aid growers

Smart tech wipes out pests: The latest trends in spraying automation

New Geneva rootstocks to help apple growers with size, yield, disease

Georgia peach success: Pearson Farm’s six generations find orchard happiness

FIRA preview: Tree fruit tech options abound at ag robotics conference

Fresh Views: Grapevine disease management tackled

Farm Market & Agritourism: Insights from the 2023 farm markets survey

National Plant Diagnostic Network

 

see all current issue »

Be sure to check out our other specialty agriculture brands

produceprocessingsm Organic Grower