Jul 14, 2022
June brought significant deceleration in fruit inflation

Inflation has dominated the trade and consumer headlines since early fall of last year and June 2022 is no different.

“While consumer money-saving when buying groceries are plentiful, it is important to note that it is not a race to the bottom nor a complete abandoning of restaurant visits,” said Jonna Parker, Team Lead Fresh at IRI. “However, the 40-year high inflation does mean consumers are much more strategic about their grocery and restaurant choices. That means cooking from scratch one day and leaning on value-added solutions the next. Likewise, we’re seeing consumers seamlessly switching between value and premium — creating a complex pattern of marketplace trends.”

Inflation Insights

The price per unit across all foods and beverages in the IRI-measured multi-outlet stores, including supermarkets, club, mass, supercenter, drug and military, accelerated further to an increase of 12.3% in the four weeks ending June 26, 2022 (“June”) versus year ago. This is up from +11.9% in the second quarter of the year. June inflation was in the double digits in the center of the store (+11.3%) as well as in perishables (+11.8%) and compared to two years ago (June 2019), prices across all foods and beverages were up 24.2%.

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Fresh produce prices were also up from last year, at +8.0% level on a per-unit basis and +7.0% on a per-pound basis. This is far below the total store average as fruit prices dropped considerably in June. Unlike the beginning of the year where inflation was predominantly driven by fruit, it was vegetables that reached +8.2% inflation in June 2022 versus June 2019. In the 52-week view, fresh fruit inflation is still far above average.

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June 2022 Sales

The four June 2022 weeks brought $57.1 billion in total food and beverage sales, which was up +7.6% versus year ago. This is an acceleration from +6.5% in May 2022. June 2022 dollar sales were up +24.9% versus June 2019 — the pre-pandemic normal. All gains were inflation-boosted year-on-year, with unit sales down -4.2%. This was slightly better than the -4.8% in May, but still down substantially from the -2.4% unit decline measured in April 2022. Much like seen in the surveys, consumers are compensating for the inflationary levels by buying fewer items. Perishables, including produce, seafood, meat, bakery and deli, had average dollar and unit performance, but center-store items did better than average in both dollars and units.

June 2022 fresh produce sales reached $6.1 billion, surpassing the record set the prior year by +1.4%. However, looking beyond dollars that were highly affected by inflation, unit and volume declined versus June 2021. “There are many forces at play relative to the volume pressure,” said Watson. “Consumers are hyper-focused on saving money, frozen and shelf-stable play a role, and there is the impact of supply chain disruption and out-of-stocks. Opportunities for the summer months lie with outdoor entertaining, on-the-go snacking and celebrating the summer holidays at home.”

Each of the June weeks generated between $1.4 and $1.6 billion in fresh produce sales. The first week was the strongest, at $1.55 billion; however, the third week which proceeded Father’s Day, also saw $1.536B in sales. Volume sales, on the other hand, were down consistently, whether an everyday or holiday week, from June 2021 levels.

Sales patterns crossed over in the second quarter of 2022. Whereas fruit had been leading the 2021 and early 2022 growth, vegetables took over as the year-on-year growth leader come June. In part, this is due to vegetables showing higher inflation than fruit and in part it is because of going up against softer sales in June 2021 whereas fruit has the harder path to growth coming off a very strong 2021. “Shoppers continue to have around 79-80% of meals made in the home, as well as a continue boom in healthy snacking. Both trends favor produce strength, even despite year-over-year price increases,” said Parker.

Fresh Produce Share of Total Fruits and Vegetables

Frozen and shelf-stable fruits and vegetables had double-digit inflation in June 2022 compared with 2021. This resulted in above average dollar gains. Both frozen and shelf-stable are heavily impacted by supply chain disruptions. Both assortment and inventory levels have been down significantly over recent months in these arease.

In the first quarter of 2022, just under 80% of total fruit and vegetable dollars were generated by the fresh produce department. Summer is typically the strongest selling season for fresh produce and 2022 is no different. The share of fresh produce dollars in the second quarter ticked up to 82% and it reached 82.8% in June, despite below-average inflation.

As a share of total pounds sold across the three areas, fresh produce made up 83.3% in June and 82.5% in the entire second quarter. Shelf-stable tends to represent a higher share in pounds than in dollars because of the lower price per volume. “With sales shares between fruit and vegetable spaces in the store holding steady, we are not expecting frozen or canned to fresh swap outs to increase – all three spaces are seen as unique by consumers in most produce categories,” said Parker.

Fresh Produce Dollars versus Volume

Fresh produce pound sales trailed behind year ago levels all throughout 2021 and the first quarter of 2022. In the second quarter of 2022, pound sales were down -4.7% year-on-year. Pounds saw an even greater year-on-year drop in June, at -5.2% — its lowest level since the second quarter of 2021. Importantly, compared with 2019, the pre-pandemic normal, dollars remain +17.6% ahead (green triangles) and pounds stayed above 2019 levels by +1.1% (purple

“Fruit had been experiencing some volume pressure lately, but managed to reverse that on much better prices in June,” Parker explained. “Vegetable pounds are down year-on-year as well, but also still well ahead of the 2019 pre-pandemic normal.”

Fresh Fruit Sales in June

“In June 2022, berries sales continued to dominate but are no longer the slam-dunk growth driver they have been throughout the pandemic. Berries had slight dollar sales in June of +0.8% but pounds were flat,” Parker said. “Mixed fruit and mandarins dropped out of the top 10, and peaches and pineapples made their inroads. Volume sales were a mix with increases for grapes, oranges and pineapples but down results for all other top 10 sellers.”

Fresh Vegetables Sales in June

“June’s vegetable performance was very mixed,” said Watson. “Seven out of the top 10 sellers increased dollar sales but only two areas had volume increases. These were potatoes and onions.”

What’s Next?

Continued supply chain disruptions, including the rising costs of gasoline and diesel, coupled with the Russian sanctions that went in effect on June 1 for a number of categories as well as rises in housing and rent prices are all combining to hit shoppers’ perceptions at the grocery store as well as actual pocketbooks. Inflation will have a profound impact on grocery and total food spending. However, we are not seeing a race to the bottom for cost-savings measures. Depending on the meal occasion, consumers are moving between value and premiumization, scratch and convenience, brands and store brands — making grocery patterns more unpredictable than ever.

  • 45% of American households describe their financial situation as being worse than a year ago.
  • 41% feel their financial situation one year from now will look worse than it does today.

The next report, covering July, will be released in mid-August. In addition to the data provided here, the IFPA also now offers InSite – an online interactive data set covering both produce and floral performance as well as a look at the 2021 consumer sentiment surveys. See www.freshproduce.com/insite for more detail. Contact Joe Watson, IFPA’s VP, Retail, Foodservice and Wholesale, at [email protected] with any questions or concerns.

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